As we all know, the last teeth in our mouth are the third molars. They usually start between 17 and 25 years of age. Whether these teeth are left in the mouth is controversial. If they are driven in the correct position and do not damage the surrounding tissues, there is no harm in keeping this tooth in place. An abnormally positioned tooth (detected by X-ray) fused to the jawbone can be taken into consideration for future damage. In case of space shortness in the tooth arch, the tooth can be inserted into the gingival bone and other adjacent tooth barriers.
What are the conditions that require withdrawal of wisdom teeth?
Saliva, bacteria and food particles accumulate in the nest of the newly emerged tooth and threaten both the wisdom tooth and the molar tooth next to it. It is very difficult to detect and treat such bruises. Pain and infection leading to severe abscesses can occur.
Gum disease (Pericoronitis)
A partially removed wisdom tooth creates an infection focus in the gum where bacteria and food residues are stored. This situation causes bad breath, pain, edema and trismus. The infection can spread to the cheek and neck through the lymph. The ground prone to this infection around the wisdom tooth is likely to become easily infected each time.
If pressure is applied to adjacent teeth during application, pain may also be felt due to pinching. In some cases, this pressure leads to wear.
Many young people are undergoing orthodontic treatment to correct perplexity of their teeth. Since the application pressure of the wet teeth will be reflected on the other teeth, there will be a movement in the other teeth.
Reasons for prosthesis
It is necessary to take into account the wisdom teeth in an oral prosthesis planning. Because, according to the changing mouth structure after wisdom tooth removal, it will be necessary to make a new prosthesis.
Cystic cases caused by an impacted tooth have been observed. The cyst causes bone destruction, jaw enlargement and displacement or damage of the surrounding teeth. To prevent bone destruction, the tooth should be extracted and the cyst removed. Rarely, this cyst may spread to large areas and become tumors or cause spontaneous fractures of the jawbone.
Is it different from other tooth extractions?
The degree of difficulty varies depending on the position, shape and size of the wisdom tooth. After a simple shot, there may be a slight swelling, pain and bleeding. Some complex shots may also be applied, requiring more specific processes. Precautions and recommendations from your dentist will minimize side effects.
As the bone structure densifies and elasticity decreases in older ages, attraction becomes difficult and healing slows down.